Last Wednesday, a new app called Satellite Camps was launched in Berlin, aimed at raising awareness of the history of forced labor camps built in the city from 1942-1944. Leon Schwarzbaum is a 97-year-old survivor of three concentration camps and one of 14 eyewitnesses featured in the app. “I remember everything what happened during the war. Everything, everything. And I am telling the young people, and I am telling them the story,” he says.
While most people are aware of concentration camps, fewer know that satellite camps were created by the SS as forced labor camps where at least 10,000 inmates were kept. Inmates were forced to perform tasks such as digging bomb shelters for SS members, renovating offices, or working for electrical companies such as Siemens, AEG, and others.
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